Air Charter

Flexible Trips – Buy Airline Tickets Early and Find Some Really Cheap Flights!

Check this out! Today there are many tools for acquiring some "awesome" airline tickets, but you should know that you won't be flying first class. Aside from the online sites, there are many traditional ways of finding cheap flights.

1. Analyze all the prices from 3 airports that are located the nearest from you. For example, flights from or to Baltimore/Washington can often prove to be really cheap flights in comparison with Dulles or Reagan. All you have to do is, therefore, keep your area of choices wide open, analyze all the supply available on the airline tickets market and do this for both destination and home airport. A helping hand for you in this matter are some of the search engines available online that are specially designed to do this for you, if you don't have the time or the necessary mood to do all these "investigations" all by yourself.

2. If your trip involves crossing the mid-Atlantic corridor, you should take the train. This is often a relatively luxurious alternative that helps you save money and that is always preferable to cattle-car flights. It is, as well, way faster than traveling by car or plane when congestion or bad weather conditions lead to never-ending traffic delays that can mess up all of your plans and ruin your day.

3. Overshoot. And that is more indicated especially if you have as a destination a hub city, such as Atlanta, Chicago, New York, etc. Search carefully for cheap flights to minor destinations on airlines that use your target city as a hub. And don't check any bags!

4. Try to have an airline employee as a friend. It is a very clever and handy way – as well as the only one discovered by now – of flying on cheap flights. This is called a "buddy fare" and is exclusively on a space available basis.

5. As a final option, consider driving, or if you are a person that gets tired easily, you can always take the bus. After all, you are planning to go on vacation and why not make the most of your spare time if you are not in a hurry?

For international flights or between major US cities, you should check non-US airlines like Air France, Air New Zealand and others, whose quality may prove to be much better for the same price as a US flight and there are two great ways of doing this:

1. When you consider traveling internationally, you should search for an agency, a real live agency that is located in a neighborhood having a high percentage of citizens from the country that you are traveling to. These types of agencies buy out grand chunks of a flight, that giving you the opportunity of getting cheap flights.

2. Give a quick reading to the American Express website. It has not been proved yet what kind of mysterious factor determines what I am about to share with you, but their fares are almost always the cheapest around that you can find after scouring all the other places regarding airline tickets and cheap flights.

If you consider going on a trip either for business or for pleasure, the most important thing is to know to shop for airline tickets early Wednesday mornings because that is the time of the week when the airlines regularly release new airline tickets/fares. It is true: they chance prices constantly, but on Wednesday mornings there is some kind of special renewal of prices.

Source by Ron Mark

Out And About In Nassau – Outdoor Recreation In The Bahamas

Mention the name The Bahamas and sparkling blue water with pink or white sand beaches spring to mind. Conch fritters, Conch salad, 700 islands, duty free shopping and Junkanoo are all terms that are synonymous with the Bahamas. This island nation has a total land area of 5,300 square miles and consists of 700 islands plus 2,500 cays (low banks or reefs). New Providence Island on which Nassau (the capital) is located is 21 miles by 7 miles. Paradise Island, which is 5.5 miles long by 2/3 of a mile wide is connected to Nassau by a short bridge. Thousands of tourists visit Nassau every year to enjoy the clear water or place their bets at the gambling tables at Paradise Island.

All of the Bahamas however has myriad outdoor recreational activitiesthat are perfect for burning off the pounds gained from eating all those conch fritters or adding some variety to your holiday and Nassau is no exception. For the business person who wants to catch some recreational activity on a business trip or the individual who wants to get some fresh air after all the time at the gambling tables, Nassau's outdoor recreation can be all day or just a few hours.

Those sparkling blue waters make Nassau an ideal location for snorkeling. Some of the more popular snorkeling destinations for excursions leaving from Nassau include Rainbow Reef, Blue Lagoon Island (home to Stingray City as well as other snorkeling venues), Blackbeard's Cay, Pearl Island, and Rose Island Reef. Rainbow Reef is approximately 45 minutes from Nassau by catamaran or other high-speed boat. The water at Rainbow Reef is about 15 feet deep throughout the viable swimming and snorkeling area. Blue Lagoon is a circular island encircling water. A narrow opening in the land leads into a large pool of water. A 15-minute walk through some of the most beautiful beaches and on bridges spanning absolutely calm sparkling blue water leads to Stingray City. Another stingray encounter can be had at Pearl Island which is a 30-minute boat ride from Nassau. Yellow tail snapper, Grouper, and many other tame fish make Athol Island in Athol Island National Marine Park at the eastern end of Nassau Harbor an outstanding snorkel site.

Those sparkling blue waters also make Nassau a wonderful location for the sport fisherman. Fishing charters are available for half day or full day with a choice of deep-sea fishing or reef fishing. Wahoo are abundant between November to January and 100 pounders are frequent. Dolphin fish (Mahi Mahi) are found between April and June, while Sailfish can be fought during April and May and again between October and November. Barracuda and Marlin (Black, Blue and White) are found year round.

For the landlubber, there is off-road cycling, away from traffic and noise. On all-terrain bicycles, you can enjoy a guided tour of shady woodland trails, open forest, the seashore and mangrove creeks and visit the historic village of Adelaide. You can have a relaxed, easy ride or a longer route. For the seasoned cyclist there are more challenging rides.

The Bahamas sits on the migration route for birds moving north and south on their winter and spring migrations. As such there are two opportunities to see many northern species. Of course, no visit to the Bahamas would be complete for a birder without viewing the Bahama Pintail duck (also known as the White-cheeked Pintail). These inhabitants of lagoons and mangrove swamps are widely distributed and the clear water of the mangroves makes viewing them a pleasure. Other species that are generally seen include eurasian collared doves, neotropic cormorants, american coot, great blue herons, snowy egrets, great egrets, reddish egrets, green herons, white ibis, blue winged teal, northern mockingbirds. Some of the locations for viewing various species include the Paradise Island ponds, Clifton Heritage site and the Harold & Wilson ponds.

For those who want to be outdoors but simply want a walking pace, Nassau has retained much of its older architecture and blended it with modern buildings so that it creates a harmonious whole. The original part of the city is small enough that you can wander along and see much of the historic architecture. Parliament Square with the Houses of Parliament, the Old Colonial Secretary's office, the Supreme Court and the Statue of Queen Victoria is definitely worth a visit. Nearby at Parliament and Shirley Streets is the Nassau Public Library that was originally a prison. Not far away at Shirley and Elizabeth Streets is the Bahamas Historical Society with numerous exhibits.

If it is "action" and people watching you seek, Arawak Cay is not to be missed. This lively gathering spot has a row of small wooden restaurants fronted by a large park and backed by the sea. You can sit on the verandah of any of the restaurants or in the open air and watch the parade of people as they stroll by. Have a Kalik (Bahamian Beer) and enjoy the West Indian atmosphere and when hunger strikes you can have a conch salad or conch fritters or fried fish prepared before your eyes.

You can learn more about Bahamas vacations at the Caribbean Outdoor Life web site and the next time you are in Nassau or if it is your first time remember there is an interesting world to discover beyond the beach.

Source by brian ramsey

Flights to Lagos Nigeria

African surrounds the number of air passenger. This is vital because it kept informed of new expansion in the traveling trade, Delta cope direct and cheap flights to Lagos and Atlanta is the only direct flights to Lagos from the United States for this. As divergent from other American cities, if only to stop in the United States, Delta is the most expedient flight options, can fly uncontrollably transatlantic flight in their own long-distance.

Jomo Kenyatta International Airport has urbanized into the crucial point for correlation of Eastern, Central and Southern Africa flights for both Classified Charter Flights and Business Flights.

Lagos offers fabulous art and architecture in awe-inspiring cities and fascinating little towns, splendid assortment of landscape and seashore, and some of the optimum food and wine served someplace. You can meet forthcoming, enlightened people and you can easily squander your whole annual clothing budget on designer clothes at bargain prices.

From Delta Airlines non-stop cheap flights to Lagos from Atlanta, this is the only direct flight. As the only U.S. stop Delta flight, most options are still apt, can fly long distances non-stop transatlantic flights for you.

During crest holiday season is the best alternative is to take a break busy working hours, vacation plans. Strike the heart of Africa, where the great impulsive I think one of the best attractions. Get the tickets and equipped to face packs online to reserve an alien adventure in Lagos.

Cheap Flights to Lagos

There are Lots of Special Offers available for Lagos in low season from September to November. You should also try and book your flights for December X-Mas period as soon as possible, as right now seats are available on cheapest fares with most of the Airlines, but with the passage of time, it will become very difficult to find seats on some reasonable fares, so don't get late and book your flights as soon as possible. Currently very cheap fares are available with Afriqiah Airline, Royal Air Moroc, Alitalia, Air France, KLM, Lufthansa, Iberia and Arik Airline. Call us today and book your flights on best fares, we will make it sure that you are booking your tickets on cheapest fares possible. We have a specialized division of agents for Nigeria, who are dedicated to provide quality travel services to our Nigeria Clients. Our Customer Service Agents are waiting for your call 24/7.

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Phone: 0207-993-6623 Fax: 0207-760-7107

Source by jackson

Taking Back Our Schools – Student Style

A civilized student revolution is the place to start.

As the quality of our public schools and Universities plunge, the academic morons chant endlessly the three big lies; that the problem is the government doesn't provide enough money, classes are too large and, of course, the really big problem is the parents! They say if lazy parents would just teach their unruly children a little respect and discipline they would behave in school - riiiiiiiiiiiiight.

Most of you will probably agree that you can get away with a lot more at school than you can at home. If the blame can be laid at the feet of the parents it is only because they have allowed the schools to usurp their parental responsibility. Mychal Massie agreed that parents need to step up and take a larger role in managing their children's education when he said, "Not every public school is bad, and not every private school is good. I agree that, thanks to Jimmy Carter's creation of the Department of Education, we now have commissioned centers of agitprop, i.e., government schools that have taught state-sponsored liberalism and misinformation for nearly four decades. I still argue that this only takes place because parents have abdicated their responsibility for the education of their children." Amen.

In good faith, most parents have assumed the schools were in fact teaching their children the skills needed to go out into the world and function as responsible productive members of society. They believed in their hearts that the schools were teaching their children the same skills they were taught. Historically the foundation of K-12 education in the United States has been the three "Rs" - reading, writing and arithmetic (for this generation: that is an old tongue in cheek joke:  "reading, ‘riting & ‘rithmatic"). Unknown to most parents, these basics have been steadily supplanted in recent years with a "progressive curriculum" emphasizing social and political issues, with devastating results. The academic skills of the average American student has been seriously degraded. You students are the ones who have been shortchanged by the very people entrusted with your education.

Without a basic competency in reading, writing and ciphering it will be difficult for you to learn much of other subjects like geography, literature, political science, biology, or anything else, yet our schools continue to obsess on socio-political indoctrination at your expense. They have become propaganda mills rather than true centers of learning. They are much more interested in pushing their nanny-state political ideology and sexual values than teaching skills that will help you succeed in life. As American students continue a 40 year decline in academic achievement our schools continue to sacrifice real life skills on the altar of liberal ideology.

Outside of a few breakout schools providing exceptional schooling - schools producing students consistently ranking high internationally - the trend for several decades has been a decline in the scholastic ability of American students compared to foreign students. Our world ranking has dropped like a stone and yet we continue to graduate students lacking basic remedial skills.

American schools which once led the world have now fallen behind many third world institutions. Incredibly, the more time American students spend in public school the more they fall behind the rest of the world. As fourth graders, U.S. students rank in the top four or five countries in the world, but as they continue on through the system they fall farther and farther behind. By the time they graduate from high school their international ranking has dropped below another forty or fifty Countries. And this gap continues to widen right on into college.

The unabashed educational establishment has all but abolished teaching its charges the skills necessary to function as independent and productive members of society in favor socio-political indoctrination. Buzz words, talking points and sound-bites that promulgate liberal ideology have replaced the traditional curriculum.

Take "diversity", the new uber-concept. The obsession with "diversity" is a perfect example of the institutional academic retardation rampant in today's public education system. If you attended a public school during the last ten years or are presently a student at most universities then you have been programmed like Pavlov's dogs to respond positively to this word. Teachers, professors, schools and universities boast endlessly of their commitment to "diversity". And now after being captive since early childhood to these academic lemmings, you know in your heart that diversity is "good", but is it always?

Look it up. Diversity literally means "different or varied". It implies a range of differences. Is a range of differences always a good thing?  Or can it sometimes prove an obstacle to success? Have you ever heard that too many cooks spoil the broth?

A diversity of elements in a metal alloy can give added strength or flexibility. On the other hand a diversity of elements in a metal alloy can also lead to structural weakness or too much rigidity. Exactly what influence the diversity of elements has on the alloy depends on what those "diverse" elements are and how they interact with each other. Just the fact that the elements are "diverse" has little or no bearing at all on the quality of the alloy.

A diversity of opinions in a political forum may lead to a strong consensus as well as an ideological impasse. On other occasions it can lead to chaos or anarchy. A diversity of political opinion can be desirable or make it impossible to forge a cohesive effort - again, depending on the nature of the diversity of the elements involved.

I seem to remember an ancient story of a great tower being built that was halted after a great deal of construction due to the chaos caused by the many different languages spoken by the workers. Communication became so difficult the entire project was abandoned. Apparently a diversity of languages was not a plus in the Babel construction industry.

Try an experiment - hold a pencil with one hand firmly gripping each end. Bend it until it breaks - not too difficult, huh? Now bundle as many of the same uniform size as you can comfortably hold and try it again. This time it will not be so easy.  If your bundle is sufficient you probably will not able to break it. One pencil is easy to destroy, but many together are strong enough to withstand the effort to break them because there is strength in unity.

Now take it one step further and bundle up a couple different size pencils, a piece of celery, a straw, two red vines, a dog turd and a breadstick and try to break it. That is a pretty diverse bundle and yet you can probably break it easily - Not much strength in that diversity.

Next, bundle a couple of different sized pencils, a piece of hard rubber hose, a plastic ruler, an iron rod and a steel rod (roughly the same dimensions as the original pencil) and try to break it. You will probably be unsuccessful because there is more than sufficient strength in this diversity.

So diversity by itself is neither good nor bad. It is nothing more than the definition of a range of differences. Allow me to repeat that for students who have been brainwashed into believing diversity in and of itself is a panacea: Diversity by itself is neither good nor bad. It is nothing more than the description of a range of differences. It is what that diversity brings to the process that defines its value.

"E Pluribus Unum" is our National Motto. It was adopted by our Founding Fathers in August 1776. The translation of this Latin phrase is, "Out of many, One".  It describes an action of many uniting into one. This profound concept celebrates the value of diversity as a source of strength when used as a foundation to forge unity because there is strength in unity and as a Nation we need to be strong to survive. Remember - one pencil is easy, but many together are strong and hard to break.

This bastardization of "diversity" is only one of the many political agendas promulgated by an educational establishment apparently aimed at molding students into good little political drones instead of teaching them to think for themselves. Independent thought begets diversity. Our public schools and universities are anything but diversified. Progressive political groupthink is pervasive. "Diversity" to them, really means anything non-conservative. Try challenging your teachers to define "diversity". Chances are, they will be unable to do so without using liberal talking points.

Surprisingly, the universities (our vaunted institutes of "higher learning") easily outstrip the K-12 public schools in their groupthink bias. If you think the media is leftist, check out the political affiliations of college instructors. In many of our most acclaimed universities the staff is overwhelmingly liberal. In some cases entire departments are staffed by admitted leftists (by now some of you sheep are seething by my use of the term "leftist". That is only because you have been conditioned to hear terms like "ultra right, right-wing nuts, religious far right", etc. as accurate, but corresponding terms describing the left are generally described as hate speech by academia. You have been taught to get angry at such talk - are you?). The point is, you are being proselyted more than educated.

As public school students you have not been exposed to a diversity of ideas. Regardless of instructor claims to the contrary, the academic ivory towers regularly censor social and political comments that disagree with their political agenda. A few universities have even gone as far as setting aside "free speech" areas as the only place on campus where certain subjects can be discussed (these are generally located in areas not likely to get much exposure for the participants). Did you get that? If you disagree with their politics they won't let you talk. Just recently a Professor at Central Connecticut State University called the campus police on a student who had fulfilled an assignment to discuss a "relevant issue in the media" because the student's topic was gun violence on campus and he had the temerity to suggest that if students with legal concealed carry permits were allowed to carry guns on campus many of the mass attacks could be stopped earlier. That evening the police summoned him to their office, listed the guns he owned and asked where they were (legally locked in a safe at his home twenty miles away). Apparently the Professor had filed a complaint with the campus police, stating that his presentation had "frightened some of the students! She actually called the police on a student for discussing an idea.

Evidently, the timid Professor is so emotionally opposed to the Second Amendment she was willing to ignore the First Amendment to shut him up. Whatever your take on the Second Amendment is, take a minute tonight and read the First Amendment to our Constitution. Then tell me how our Universities have arrived at campus censorship except in designated areas? Do our purveyors of diversity actually think they can decide whatyou can say, when you can say it and where you can say it! What convoluted rationalization did they employ to come up with this policy?

It didn't take much. I doubt if they have thought this unconstitutional policy through. They think so highly of themselves, they just know you dummies need to be told what to think and they are just the authorities to do it. Still, it is difficult to understand the immense pompous condescension of the educational establishment in modern times. A hundred years ago college educations were hard to come by and were enjoyed primarily by a tiny minority of the gifted or wealthy. To be a college professor in those days was quite an accomplishment. They were an elite cadre worthy of great respect, because only a relatively small segment of our population had the privilege of attending an institute of higher learning, let alone obtain a graduate degree. Fewer still were qualified to teach.

Today however, that is no longer the case. A college education is readily obtainable to most Americans. There are now millions of undergraduate degree holders and hundreds of thousands of citizens with Masters Degrees, Doctorates and their equivalents, yet our Professors still assume a delusional air of elitism and accomplishment as if they are more intelligent and accomplished than everybody else.

When your Professors pontificate try not to be too impressed. They may seem awfully smart to young students, but there is an old saying that should be kept in mind as you listen to their diatribes: "Them that can, do. Them that can't, teach".  There much truth in this. Think of it this way - would you rather go mountain climbing with someone who has real world experience or someone who has read a whole bunch of books about it?  Or would you rather fly with an experienced pilot or someone who has ‘studied' flying for years, but never actually sat in a pilot's seat?

Does your professor walk the walk as well as talk the talk? Does your Psychology Professor have a real viable private practice or do they just have one or two actual (student) clients? Has your Literature Instructor ever actually been published outside of the textbooks they authored (and force you to buy to pass their class)? How about your Journalism Professor - have they ever held a job in the real world practicing what they preach?  How many books have they sold to non-students? Have they ever regularly written for a newspaper or periodical? Has anybody outside of their classroom ever heard of them?

Does the person teaching you actually know by experience what it is like to function in the real world or simply tell others how to? If they do, count yourself fortunate. Academics often start their careers as student teachers and move on up within the hierarchy with limited experience outside the educational system. But, there is big difference in studying a subject and experiencing it - between thinking about what it might be like and actually having done it.

In too many cases the truth is these Bozos couldn't make a living in the real world. That is not to say all of them are worthless posers. I can think, (as you probably can) of a handful in my life that were undeniably intelligent and inspiring. I have known great teachers that had a profound influence upon my life, but the fact is they were a minority. Today they are even fewer and farther in between - you don't believe it? Try ‘Googling' "unqualified teachers", but you had better set aside some time because you are going to find numerous articles and studies from all across the Nation documenting the rampant incompetence among our public school teachers.

Our college and university instructors may be barely more proficient remedially than public school teachers, but they lack the ability to engage in real critical thinking. Like the dopey CCSU Professor, they feel deeply, but seem unable to think deeply. Their passions are conceptualized via buzz words and soundbites. More often than not our educational institutions are overwhelmingly staffed by ideological lemmings devoid of individual thought, but steeped in socialist groupthink, teachers who can't pass their own tests and professors that have never worked in the real world. Yet you spend more hours per day with them than you do with your own family.

Who do you think cares more about your education - your family or your school? Your educators don't. They are all about preserving their personal empire. Efforts to teach outside their ideological box are typically met by hostility from the ivory towers of academia. Those who disagree will find themselves censured or forced to leave and there isn't much chance of significant change in the near future. The teachers unions are among the most powerful in the Country. They are the tails that wag our political dogs. Their political influence is undeniable and like everything else it is about their own personal power and money.

Have you ever stopped to ask yourself why the schools are so diligent at making sure you attend, but not so diligent about actually teaching you anything useful? They don't seem to care if you if learn anything, but they damn well want you in attendance every day. Year after year they continue to promote students into higher and higher grades even though they can't perform competently where they are - why?

Because our schools have become big business. Follow the money! They refuse to hold students too accountable lest too many become angry or discouraged and drop out of school. This prospect is horrifying, but not because they are concerned with the student's ability to function productively in society - it's about money. The government pays each school a specified amount of money, per student for each day attended. Got that? Every morning when you show up for roll call the school cash box chings another deposit. You are their golden goose. Without you they cannot support their cumbersome, overburdened system. That is why they want you there every day. They want the money.

That is also the reason for their vehement hatred of Home Schooling and Charter Schools. It is the basis of their opposition to school vouchers. They can't stand any competition. Both Home Schoolers and Charter School students routinely outperform their public school counterparts. Public school student academic competence is embarrassing when juxtaposed with the non-public school students. It is not even a close contest. The public schools receive an obscene of amount taxpayer dollars, their unions and lobbyists wield incredible political influence and they enjoy the full support of the media, yet the majority cannot hold a candle to Mom teaching across the kitchen table from an old book.

Even with all that money too many public schools are dirty, violent, shabby facilities. They suffer with dilapidated buildings, old athletic equipment, not enough books, antiquated technology, unqualified teachers - but the Superintendents always seem to get their moolah. There are almost four dozen Superintendents in the State of California alone, who earn more money per year than the Vice President of the United States! Somehow they can't quite figure out how to budget billions and billions of dollars well enough to make sure there are enough books to go around, but they can sure make certain they get their "vig" off each student that shows up for class. Did you catch that? Your Superintendent gets a portion of the daily stipend from the State for each student's attendance. Some get as much as forty dollars per student per day. Multiply that by the number of students in your school district and you can understand their huge incomes. Your Superintendent wants you in class because he/she gets a "commission" on it! Every morning when you answer roll call another slice of taxpayer dollars gets added to the Super's paycheck.

Your school maybe old and beat up, but you can bet your District Superintendent's house is big, beautiful and up to date. Check it out!

If the posers who run our educational system really believe in it, why do so many teachers, administrators and politicians opt to put their children in private schools? Because they care deeply how their own children turn out. They understandably want the best for them. As for the rest of us?- public schools are just fine - as long as we show up and they get their money.

The administrators of our public schools know the score. They are perfectly aware that recipients of graduate degrees in education have GPAs and personal test score averages lower than most other graduate programs. Some are certainly the ‘best and brightest', but unfortunately these may be the exceptions that prove the rule. Teachers and professors are more likely to be mediocre seekers of security and status in a non-threatening environment rather than shakers and movers willing to risk much to accomplish much.

This explains their pathological lack of creativity. It is why they parrot each other politically. Don't be intimidated. Think independently and don't be afraid to debate them. With a little preparation you can resist the groupthink and make up your own mind. A little knowledge will beat the hell out of a lot of propaganda. Don't think it will be easy. They have the power. They will try to shut you up or make you go away. They want you to get in line and conform to their ideology. If you do think independently they will attempt to ridicule you into silence. That is their primary tool. But, if that doesn't work they will try, as at CCSU, to enforce their will using the legal system.

Be strong. Argue with them when they indoctrinate. The last thing they want is to incorporate a diversity of thought - they have to be the authority. You see, if you think outside their socio-political box you may prove them wrong. Since their hubris is founded on their belief that you are not qualified to make your own decisions - they need to be right in order to keep their power over you. They will go to great lengths to maintain this delusion.

But, the winds of change are blowing. The toothpaste is out of the tube. The general public is universally unhappy with the state of our public schools. For now the educators retain a death lock on the politics of education, but that grip is losing its strength. The people are demanding accountability and change - real and effective change for the better. Every day more and more students abandon public education for Charter schools and home schooling. Others move to better districts. The pressure to provide school vouchers substantial enough to subsidize non-public education is increasing. The ability to freely choose between schools is another option being sought by parents across the Nation. All of which threaten the rotten-to-the-roots tyranny of the public school system. The pressure is building. Keep it up. A couple more good whiffs and the whole corrupt system is going to start coming come down.

They can obfuscate by blaming a lack of funds, class size or your parents, but the truth is these problems can be laid squarely at the feet of those we have trusted to educate us. They have more than enough money now. All they need is to budget responsibly by spending that money on the students and facilities - not the administration. Granted, smaller classes may be better and increased parental involvement is necessary. But the root of the problem is the politically driven agenda carried out by inept administrators and unqualified instructors bent on accumulating ever more money and power at your expense. Some of the very top schools in the Nation have overcrowded classrooms and are located in some of the poorest school districts, proving daily that although these issues need to be addressed they are not the cause of our public school demise. They are only red herrings employed to demand more money and increased power.

The good news is - change is coming. Parents are catching on and the pressure is building. Still, it will take a long, concerted effort to change this monopoly. Its proponents are deeply entrenched and will fight to the death to keep their status quo. They have the most powerful lobby in the Country. They have strong political support and media backing, but we can do it. Next time you go to the polls, cast your ballot on educational issues against anything supported by the educational establishment. Elect people to your school board from outside the system. Vote against captive politicians supporting the "educators". Report unqualified teachers and administrators abusing their power. Tell your parents when they force their views on you and write your political representatives and demand a complete overhaul of our public schools and universities.

Most important, fight them from the inside. Don't sit passively and allow them to peddle their socialist dogma and politically correct values. Stand up for your beliefs. Be firm in your convictions. Seek outside sources of information and know of what you speak. Pit your knowledge against their emotion. Don't be contentious or resort to acrimony even when they do. Be honest, articulate and respectful, but don't back down. If you stay calm while you disagree it will drive them crazy.

Now be good students and go to school and argue with your teachers.

Source by b d fenton

Kingfisher Airlines – xtxtx

History

Kingfisher Airlines registered office at the UB Group Towers in Bangalore, India

The airline started operations on 9 May 2005, following the dry lease of four new Airbus A320-200 aircraft. Its first flight was from Mumbai to Delhi. At the launch of the airline, Dr. Mallya said that he is "committed to achieving our ambition of making Kingfisher Airlines India's largest private airline both in capacity and market share by 2010."

Kingfisher was the first Indian airline to have in-flight entertainment (IFE) systems on every seat even on domestic flights. All passengers were given a "welcome kit" consisting goodies such as a pen, facial tissue and headphones to use with the IFE system. Initially, passengers were able to watch only recorded TV programming on the IFE system, but later an alliance was formed with Dish TV to provide live TV in-flight. And in a marked departure from tradition, Kingfisher Airlines decided to have an on-screen safety demonstration using the IFE system.

On 14 July 2008, Kingfisher unveiled its first ever Wide-body aircraft, a Airbus A330-200 (registered VT-VJL) at the 46th Farnborough Airshow held in July 2008. Kingfisher's first Airbus A330-200 was widely billed (according to the airline's press release) as the best A330-200 ever built by Airbus.

On 3 September 2008, Kingfisher started its international operations by connecting Bangalore with London. On 15 September 2009 the London service was withdrawn.

On 23 February 2010 Kingfisher announced that it would be joining the Oneworld airline alliance by 2011 subject to regulatory approval.

Statistics

Kingfisher Airlines Statistics

Year Ended

Passengers Carried

% Change

Average Load factor (%)

7 April - 8 March

12,414,336

-

-

8 April - 9 March

10,850,359

12.6%

60%

Destinations

Kingfisher Airlines serves over 60 domestic destinations and 7 international destinations in 7 countries across Asia and Europe.

Main article: Kingfisher Airlines destinations

Fleet

Airbus A320-200

ATR 72-500

Airbus A330-200

Kingfisher Airlines' fleet currently consists of ATR 42, ATR 72 and Airbus A320 family aircraft for domestic and short haul services and Airbus A330-200s for international long-haul services. The average age of its fleet as of January 2009 was 2.3 years.

Kingfisher's fleet consists of the following aircraft as of 25 January 2010:

Kingfisher Airlines Fleet

Aircraft

In Service

Orders

Options

Passengers

(Kingfisher First/Kingfisher Class)

Notes

ATR 42-500

2

48 (0/48)

Both aircraft dry leased.

ATR 72-500

17

8

38

20

66 (0/66)

72 (0/72)

15 new aircraft to be dry leased

Airbus A319-100

3

144 (0/144)

All 3 dry leased.

Airbus A320-200

10

3

10

67

134 (20/114)

174 (0/174)

180 (0/180)

9 dry leased.

Deliveries through 2010-2012.

Airbus A321-200

6

2

151 (32/119)

199 (0/199)

2 dry leased.

Airbus A330-200

5

15

217 (30/187)

Deliveries through 2010-2012.

Airbus A350-800

5

TBD

Deliveries starting 2014.

Airbus A380-800

5

5

TBD

Deliveries starting 2014.

Total

66

130

25

* Kingfisher Airlines has a commitment for 35 Airbus A320 family aircraft and 15 Airbus A350-800s which was announced at the 2007 Paris Air Show.

Services

Cabin classes

Domestic

Kingfisher First

The domestic Kingfisher First seats have a 48 inch seat pitch and a 125 degree seat recline. There are laptop and mobile phone chargers on every seat. Passengers can avail of the latest international newspapers and magazines. There is also a steam ironing service on board Kingfisher First cabins. Every seat is equipped with a personalized IFE system with AVOD which offers a wide range of Hollywood and Bollywood movies, English and Hindi TV programmes, 16 live TV channels and 10 channels of Kingfisher Radio. Passengers also get BOSE noise cancellation headphones.

Domestic Kingfisher First is only available on selected Airbus A320 family aircraft.

Kingfisher Class

The domestic Kingfisher Class has 32-34 inch seat pitch with footrests. Every seat is equipped with personal IFE systems with AVOD on-board the Airbus A320 family aircraft. As in Kingfisher First, passengers can access the latest movies, English and Hindi TV programmes, live TV and Kingfisher Radio.

On-board the ATR 72-500s there are 17 colour LCD drop-down screens mounted along with loudspeakers for audio in the cabin overhead, a head-end unit to handle CDs and DVDs, and a crew control panel. The screens measure 12.7 cm by 9.3 cm, weigh 0.2 kg each and are spaced every two or three seat rows along both sides of the cabin.

Economy class meal on-board a Kingfisher Airlines domestic flight

Kingfisher Red

After Kingfisher Airlines acquired Air Deccan, its name was changed to Simplifly Deccan and subsequently to Kingfisher Red. Kingfisher Red is Kingfisher Airline's low-cost class on domestic routes. Passengers are given complimentary in-flight meals and bottled water. A special edition of Cine Blitz magazine is the only reading material provided.

Kingfisher Airlines is the first airline in India to extend its King Club frequent flyer program to its low-cost carrier as well. Passengers can earn King Miles even when they fly Kingfisher Red, which they can redeem for free tickets to travel on Kingfisher Airlines or partner airlines.

International

Kingfisher First

The international Kingfisher First has full flat-bed seats with a 180 degree recline, with a seat pitch of 78 inches, and a seat width of 20-24.54 inches. Passengers are given Merino wool blankets, a Salvatore Ferragamo toiletry kit, a pyjama to change into, five-course meals and alcoholic beverages. Also available are in-seat massagers, chargers and USB connectors.

Every Kingfisher First seat has a 17 inch widescreen personal television with AVOD touchscreen controls and offers 357 hours of programming content spread over 36 channels, including Hollywood and Bollywood movies along with 16 channels of live TV, so passengers can watch their favorite TV programmes live. There is also a collection of interactive games, a jukebox with customisable playlists and Kingfisher Radio. Passengers are given BOSE noise cancellation headphones.

The service on board the Kingfisher First cabins includes a social area comprising a full-fledged bar staffed with a bartender, a break-out seating area just nearby fitted with two couches and bar stools, a full-fledged chef on board the aircraft and any-time dining. A turn-down service includes the conversion of the seat into a fully-flat bed and an air-hostess making the bed when the passenger is ready to sleep.

Both Kingfisher First and Kingfisher classes feature mood lighting on the Airbus A330-200 with light schemes corresponding to the time of day and flight position.

Kingfisher Class

The international Kingfisher Class seats offer a seat pitch of 34 inches, a seat width of 18 inches and a seat recline of 25 degrees (6 inches). Passengers get full length modacrylic blankets, full size pillows and business class meals. There are in-seat chargers and USB connectors.

Each Kingfisher Class seat has a 10.6 inch widescreen personal television with AVOD touchscreen controls. The IFE is similar to that of the international Kingfisher First class.

In-flight entertainment

Kingfisher's IFE system is the Thales TopSeries i3000/i4000 on-board the Airbus A320 family aircraft, and Thales TopSeries i5000 on-board the Airbus A330 family aircraft provided by the France-based Thales Group.

Kingfisher Lounge

Kingfisher Lounges are offered to Kingfisher First passengers, along with King Club Silver and King Club Gold members. Lounges are located in:

India

Bangalore

Chennai

Delhi

Hyderabad

Mumbai

King Club

The Frequent-flyer program of Kingfisher Airlines is called the King Club in which members earn King Miles everytime they fly with Kingfisher or its partner airlines, hotels, car rental, finance and lifestyle businesses. There are four levels in the scheme: King Club Base, Red, Silver and Gold levels. Members can redeem points for over a number of schemes. Gold and Silver members enjoy access to the Kingfisher Lounge, priority check-in, excess baggage allowance, bonus miles, and 2 Kingfisher First upgrade vouchers for Gold membership.

Accidents and incidents

On 10 November 2009, Flight 4124, operated by ATR 72-212A VT-KAC skidded off the runway after landing at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport. The aircraft suffered substantial damage but all 46 passengers and crew escaped unharmed.

References

^ Kingfisher Airlines Media Center

^ Kingfisher Airlines conferred 5-star Airline status

^ ICICI, Kingfisher, Taj top brands in Asia-Pacific: Survey

^ Domestic Passengers carried by Indian Scheduled Airlines in the Month of May, 2009

^ "Contact Us." Kingfisher Airlines. Retrieved on 25 August 2009.

^ ENS Economic Bureau. "Jet, Kingfisher trying to fly in formation." Indian Express. Tuesday 14 October 2008. Retrieved on 25 August 2009.

^ Kingfisher Airlines to take wings on May 9

^ Kingfisher partners with Dish TV

^ Kingfisher Airlines Unveils Its First Wide Body Aircraft

^ India Kingfisher Airlines set to join Oneworld alliance

^ India's Kingfisher Airlines set to join oneworld alliance

^ Traffic Statistics

^ Kingfisher Airlines Fleet

^ Kingfisher firms five-A350 order in otherwise bleak April

^ Kingfisher Airlines unveil new Airbus A330-200 designed to take the customer experience to the highest quality level

^ Airborne again: IFE systems

^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20091110-0. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 

External links

Mumbai portal

Companies portal

Aviation portal

Official website

Kingfisher World - The World of Good Times

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Members of Oneworld

American Airlines  British Airways  Cathay Pacific  Finnair  Iberia  Japan Airlines  LAN  Malv  Mexicana  Qantas  Royal Jordanian

Future members: Kingfisher Airlines  S7 Airlines

Former members: Aer Lingus  Canadian Airlines

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Members of the International Air Transport Association

 

Africa regional office

Air Austral  Air Madagascar  Air Mauritius  Air Namibia  Air Seychelles  Air Zimbabwe  Airlink  Bellview Airlines  Comair  Ethiopian Airlines  Interair South Africa  Kenya Airways  LAM Mozambique Airlines  Nigerian Eagle Airlines  Precision Air  Safair  South African Airways  Sudan Airways  TAAG Angola Airlines 

 

Asia-Pacific regional office

Air India  Air New Zealand  Air Niugini  Air Pacific  Air Tahiti  Air Tahiti Nui  Air Vanuatu  Aircalin  All Nippon Airways  Asiana Airlines  Bangkok Airways  Biman Bangladesh Airlines  Continental Micronesia  Garuda Indonesia  JALways  Japan Airlines  Jet Airways  Jet Lite  Kingfisher Airlines  Korean Air  MIAT Mongolian Airlines  Malaysia Airlines  Nippon Cargo Airlines  Philippine Airlines  Qantas  Royal Brunei Airlines  SilkAir  Singapore Airlines  Singapore Airlines Cargo  SriLankan Airlines  Thai Airways International  Vietnam Airlines

 

China and North Asia regional office

Air China  Air Koryo  Air Macau  Cathay Pacific  China Airlines  China Cargo Airlines  China Eastern Airlines  China Southern Airlines  Dragonair  EVA Air  Hainan Airlines  Hong Kong Express Airways  Shandong Airlines  Shanghai Airlines  Shenzhen Airlines  Sichuan Airlines  TransAsia Airways  Xiamen Airlines

 

Europe regional office

Adria Airways  Aegean Airlines  Aer Lingus  Aigle Azur  Air Berlin  Air Contractors  Air Europa  Air France  Air Malta  Air Nostrum  Air One  AirBaltic  Alitalia  Atlasjet  Austrian Airlines  B&H Airlines  Binter Canarias  Blue Panorama Airlines  Blue Wings  Blue1  bmi  British Airways  Brussels Airlines  Bulgaria Air  Cargolux  Carpatair  CCM Airlines  Cimber Air  Cirrus Airlines  CityJet  Corsairfly  Croatia Airlines  Cyprus Airways  Czech Airlines  Denim Air  DHL Air  Estonian Air  European Air Transport  Eurowings  Finnair  FlyLal  Flybe  Hahn Air  Hapag-Lloyd Flug  Hellas Jet  Hemus Air  Iberia Airlines  Icelandair  Jat Airways  KLM  LOT Polish Airlines  LTU International  Lauda Air  Lufthansa  Lufthansa Cargo  Lufthansa CityLine  Luxair  MAT Macedonian Airlines  Malm Aviation  Malv Hungarian Airlines  Meridiana  Montenegro Airlines  Olympic Airlines  Onur Air  Pegasus Airlines  Portuglia  SAS  SAS Norge  SATA Air Aores  Skyways Express  Spanair  Swiss International Air Lines  TAP Portugal  TAROM  TNT Airways  Turkish Airlines  UTair Aviation  Virgin Atlantic Airways  Widere

 

Latin America and the Caribbean regional office

AeroRepblica  Aerolneas Argentinas  Aeromxico  Air Jamaica  Austral Lneas Areas  Avianca  Caribbean Airlines  Copa Airlines  Cubana de Aviacin  Grupo TACA  Lacsa  LAN Airlines  LAN Argentina  LAN Cargo  LAN Ecuador  LAN Per  Mexicana de Aviacin  PLUNA  Surinam Airways  TACA Per  TAM Airlines  TAM Airlines (Paraguay)  TAME  Volaris

 

Middle East and North Africa regional office

Afriqiyah Airways  Air Algrie  Air Sngal International  Arkia Israel Airlines  CAL Cargo Air Lines  Caspian Airlines  DHL International Aviation ME  EgyptAir  El Al  Emirates Airline  Etihad Airways  Gulf Air  Iran Air  Iran Aseman Airlines  Israir Airlines  Jordan Aviation  Kish Air  Kuwait Airways  Libyan Airlines  Mahan Air  Middle East Airlines  Oman Air  Pakistan International Airlines  Qatar Airways  Royal Air Maroc  Royal Jordanian  Saudi Arabian Airlines  Sudan Airways  Syrian Arab Airlines  Tassili Airlines  Tunisair  Yemenia

 

North America regional office

Air Canada  Air Transat  Alaska Airlines  American Airlines  Atlas Air  Cargojet Airways  Continental Airlines  Delta Air Lines  FedEx Express  United Airlines  UPS Airlines  US Airways

 

Russia and the CIS regional office

Aeroflot  Aerosvit Airlines  Air Astana  Air Moldova  Armavia  Azerbaijan Airlines  Belavia  Donavia  Rossiya  S7 Airlines  Transaero  Ukraine International Airlines  UTair Aviation  Vladivostok Air  Volga-Dnepr

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Air transport in India

Domestic & International

Air India  Air India Express  Indian Airlines  Jet Airways  Kingfisher Airlines

Nationwide domestic

GoAir  IndiGo  JetLite  Paramount Airways  SpiceJet

Regional domestic

Air India Regional  Jagson Airlines  MDLR Airlines  Pawan Hans

Charter

Club One Air  Deccan Aviation  K-Air Charters  TajAir

Cargo and Charter

Air India Cargo  Blue Dart Aviation  Crescent Air  Deccan 360  Flyington Freighters

Defunct

Air Deccan  Air Sahara  Archana Airways  East West Airlines  Himalayan Aviation  Indus Air  Kalinga Airlines  ModiLuft  Tata Airlines  Vayudoot

Planned Airlines

Air Dravida  City Air  Easy Air  Flyington Freighters 

Additional resources

List of airports in India  List of airlines of India

Categories: Oneworld | Airlines of India | Airlines established in 2004 | Companies based in Mumbai | IATA membersHidden categories: Articles with a promotional tone | All articles with a promotional tone

Source by xtxtx

How Does A Diesel Engine Work?

You just bought that beautiful used 1987 Vista sundeck trawler and she is everything you wanted in a boat.  The good sundeck, the master stateroom and the big flybridge are just right.  She also has twin Lehman diesel engines and a Onan genset also.  But you’ve been thinking, how do diesel engines function?  These are the first diesels you have owned.

On paper, diesel engines and gas motors are quite alike. Both are internal combustion engines fashioned to change the chemical energy available in fuel into mechanical energy. This mechanized energy pushes pistons up and down inside cylinders. The pistons are connected to a crankshaft, and the rythmic motion of the pistons, known as linear motion, produces the rotary motion required to rotate the prop on your used trawler or motor yacht.

In today's world, where fuel prices are increasing as a consequence of spiraling demand and diminishing supply, we must select a cost efficient fuel to meet our needs. After the invention of the diesel engine in 1892 by Rudolph Diesel in Augsburg Germany, the diesel engine has proved to be exceedingly efficient and cost effective.  In1894 Rudolph Diesel was almost killed when his engine blew up.  But that explosion established that fuel can be ignited without a spark.

A diesel engine is truly a bio-fuel engine.  Diesel’s first engine ran on peanut oil.  In practice, a diesel engine can function on peanut oil, vegetable oils, synthetic oils, and even hydraulic fluids.  Rudolf Diesel even experimented running earlier diesel engines with gun powder.  But the handling of the fuel posed a significant problem and that fuel source was abandoned.

After oil was found to be a readily obtainable resource, a product we now call diesel fuel was refined to power diesel engines.  Diesel fuel is priced somewhat higher than gasoline but diesel has a greater energy density, i.e. more energy can be withdrawn from diesel as compared with the same amount of gasoline. Therefore, diesel engines provide greater power, making it an obvious choice for large used trawlers and motor yachts. Diesel is heavier and oilier compared with gasoline.  Its flash point is higher than that of gasoline making it very safe to have aboard a boat.

The easiest way to think of how a diesel engine works is by memorizing the phrase "suck, squeeze, bang, and blow". This refers to a cycle of 4 strokes known as the OTTO cycle.

First of all, air is drawn into the piston chamber (suck). The air is then constricted by the movement of the piston, and fuel is injected as a vapor just before the piston reaches the top of the cylinder (squeeze). This compression raises the temperature of the air; which causes the diesel fuel to combust (bang). Finally, the burned gases are blown out of  the cylinder (blow) and into the exhaust stream.

A diesel engine injection pump is responsible for injecting fuel into the firing cylinders of diesel engines. It is important to remember that, unlike gasoline-powered engines, spark plugs are not used to ignite the fuel. Diesel engines rely completely on the compressing of the fuel in the cylinder to result in combustion. As a result, diesel injection pumps are exceedingly important and are bult rugged to create the compression values of up to 15,000 psi necessary for the engine's operation.

Naturally aspirated engines pill in air without mechanical help (suck) to begin the combustion cycle.  These diesels produce less power than their turbocharged cousins.  Turbocharging is the mechanical pushing of air into the engine allowing it to produce more power.

Turbocharged diesels mean any diesel engine with a turbocharger. Turbo charging is the norm rather than the exception in larger and faster motor yachts. As with any turbocharged engine, turbo diesels can offer higher power outputs, lower emissions levels, improved efficiency than their naturally aspirated counterparts.

Hi power engines requires stronger and heavier internal components such as the pistons and crankshaft to withstand the constant lumbering from the diesel engine's operating cycle. Thusly, the design of a diesel engine is built to take hundreds of hours of sustained use under load.  I am told by the Westerbeke representative of one engine, still in use today that has thirty thousand hours on her and she is still operating fine.

Diesels can be damaged as a result of misapplication or misuse – pricipally internal glazing and carbon buildup. This is a common problem in generator sets caused by failure to run the engines not under a load – ideally diesels should run at least about 75% of their maximum rated load and Revolutions Per Minute. Short periods of low load running are permissible providing the diesel engine is brought up to full load, or close to full load on a regular basis.

In another article, we’ll examine the principle problem with diesel engines – the quality of the fuel.

Source by Mike Dickens

Used Trawler Maintenance Made Easy

You have been imagining quite a long time about locating a nice used trawler or motor yacht to sail the intracoastal waterway and perhaps the Bahamas; it's been your lifelong aspiration.  Only you are brand new to big boats and imagine you want to get a better idea of what it will take to maintain her before proceeding.

Loosen Up, we have all had to begin from where you are.  Beore the Internet was born it was a learn-as-you-go affair; seldom was there some one about to ask.  to assist those of you still contemplating the move, this article is intended to make the process a bit simpler.

In this publication I will answer this question, "What does the maintenance of a used trawler or motor yacht consist of".  I own a 40 foot trawler, therefore, i am going to explain the details as it relates to my boating background.

For starters, bear in mind that maintenance on a trawler will usually be greater the less time you use her.  Boat systems need to be worked.  This list of course does not include items that fail without notice.

Engines

Engine oil/filter exchanges every 100 hours or according to manufacturer    
Change transmission oils after 500 hours
Engine zinc replacement annually or as needed
Engine raw water system cleaning/flushing every 3 years or as needed
Install new raw water impellors every two years
Change fuel filters every year
New engine belts as needed
Clean raw water strainers monthly or as needed
Replace hoses and clamps as needed
Touch up engine paint as needed
Add fuel biocide when taking on diesel
Polish fuel when needed

Electrical

Check bilge/sump pumps monthly or as required
Check and exchange automatic switches when needed
Turn on electronics monthly and permit to heat up
Replace batteries about every 6 years

Waste

Service/clean ElectroScan waste system electrodes monthly
Service/clean salt water flush systems with muriatic acid monthly

Underwater

Clean boat bottom and running gear monthly
Inspect zincs monthly, replace as needed
Apply new bottom paint out of water biannually
Inspect bottom for hydrolysis out of water biannually
Service rudder posts at haul out
Inspect props and propellors at haul out
Check stuffing boxes monthly or install dripless packing
Exercise thru hull sea cocks annually

Decks

Apply new varnish to bright work annually
Remove and reapply varnish to bright work every 5 years
Repair fiberglass gel coat as needed
Apply new deck paint as needed
Polish stainless as necessary
Clean and polish canvas and glass as needed
Evaluate replacing canvas every 5-6 years
Wash and wax as needed
Inspect and replace dock lines and fenders monthly

Heating/Air Conditioning

Clean strainers monthly
Clean/replace intake hoses biannually or as needed
Charge system as needed

So there you have it.  It looks like a lot but it really is not.  I check most of the details automatically as I'm going about the boat everyday.

Source by Mike Dickens

Alaska Adventure Cruise- Things You Need to Know

Are you tired of your usual air travel vacation? Taking a cruise vacation is one of the best options if you want to experience something new. Alaska adventure cruise is one popular vacation cruise that you should not miss. This is an experience that you will never forget. Here are some things that you should know in planning a cruise vacation.

If you are considering a cruise vacation you should know the best time to take the cruise. The best time for Alaska adventure cruise is from May to September. The peak season is June to August of each year and the best time to enjoy and see the wildlife. If you do not want to experience the big crowd and you want a quiet vacation then it is best for you to get the off-peak season adventure tour during May and September of each year. If you want to enjoy whale watching the best time is the summer between June to July.

There are a lot of adventure activities that you can enjoy during your Alaska adventure cruise. Whether it is water, mountain or shore adventure, you will definitely enjoy this cruise and will find your trip relaxing.

Some of the water adventures that you can enjoy are kayaking, skiff rides, fishing, you will also get impressed with the beautiful waterfalls, you will enjoy the view of astonishing glaciers and you can also take advantage of hot springs.  Alaska adventure cruise on the shore includes hiking and you will have a closer look of Alaska's amazing wildlife.

Of course you need a careful planning to get the most out of your Alaska adventure cruise. You can save hundreds of dollars if you know how and where to get the best deals. If you want to find out a proven insider methods on how to save on your cruise and be treated like a VIP visit Your World Travel Guide.

To travel on a budget visit Travel Secrets

Source by Gerry Restrivera

Cruising Tips – Bob Brightside

First thing to note down is the identification that you need when boarding as different companies have different requirements.

You may have special dietary requirements, some agents will ask this when booking but if they do not then be sure to ring up and inform them straight away. Some will ask for 60 days notice for such requirements so double check that you tell them in time.  It is a good idea to leave a copy of your passport, tickets and any credit cards or travellers cheques you are taking with you so if anything happened you have copies as a back-up.

If you are travelling far then you may need injections and immunisations to travel. Consult your booking agent for advice on this and get your appointments booked as soon as possible. With the uncertainty that can surround holidays it is always a good idea to phone up 24 hours before to make sure that everything is running on time as you do not want to have to wait around for hours and hours.

When you receive your cruise documents take time to go through them and check all the details. One of the most common mistakes made is misspelling a surname that could end up costing you a lot of money.

Leave the ships information and contact details with friends or family in case of emergency and you need to be contacted. This information will normally come with the tickets but if not they will be on the companies website. One thing people worry about is if you book and air/sea package and you miss the ship because of a delayed or cancelled flight, if this happens don’t worry as the cruise line will get you to the next port.

Make sure you get to the embarkation point at least 2 hours before you are due to set sail. There will be security methods to go through so give yourself plenty of time.  If you can complete embarkation procedures online then do so as this will save you a lot of time.  Wherever you are travelling to enjoy your cruise and take care onboard and enjoy all the activities that go on there.

Source by Bob Brightside

Halong Bay

Halong Bay is situated about 165 Km from the capital Hanoi and it is one of the world's most natural wonders containing limestone karsts and islands dotting the bay with a coastline of 120 Kilometers in length. There are totally around 3000 islands in this area. The waters in the bay are absolutely sparkling and clear with thousands of mountains made of limestone which can be found dotting its entire seascape. The best time to visit Halong Bay would be when the waters in the bay are clear and that's in spring and early summer. At other times due to the heavy rains experienced in these parts the waters in the bay area turn extremely muddy. The islands in the Bay are in various shapes and sizes and you can find grottos and alcoves with sandy beaches which make ideal spots to go swimming. Halong Bay is one tourist destination in Vietnam which no tourist must miss as the view is simply breathtaking and no matter how many times you happen to visit this wonderful place you will find that it presents an entirely new picture and experience.

The name of the beach in Halong city is called Bai Chai or scorched beach because of the beach sands being dark. There are many tourist agencies in Halong which are conducting regular cruises or tours to the Bay. Asiana travel Mate offers All Halong bay cruises and Halong bay boats which are very popular in the entire region. Halong bay travel can be a day's or 2 or even a 3 day trip.

When you take a one day sightseeing tour of the bay you get to go only on a small boat where as if it last for more than two days you get bigger boats and even get to sleep in one of the islands in the bay. From Hanoi you can reach Halong Bay by bus or even a taxi. Make sure you take a ride from the many available Halong Junks present there. These small, light and beautifully colored boats can offer a thrilling and fun experience for the entire family! For those who are more indulgent, there are the Halong Luxury Junks – perfect for honeymooners and couples!

When you visit the many grottos found in some of the islands in the bay, you will find that they present a magical experience and picture as you will find plenty of stalagmites and stalactites which have plenty of resemblance to animals and plants. Kids would just love these places as they will have plenty to explore.

There is plenty to do in Halong City and Bay where you can enjoy the pleasure of sailing in boats and enjoying the calm sea air and the crystal clear waters. The sea waters are very rich in fish and sea food and you can visit fresh water swamp forests, off shore coral reefs, sandy beaches, and fresh water lakes while you are here.

Source by Martin