Air Charter

The High Stakes Counter Surveillance Techniques

Before engaging in a discussion concerning counter surveillance techniques a few points must be made clear. If you suspect you're under surveillance or you suspect someone you know is under surveillance, one needs to ascertain this as a fact and not based on speculation or suspect information. The operative word is "suspect".  There are instances when one might genuinely feel they are being watched, when facts state otherwise.  For example one might suspect CIA is spying on them. This is not true because CIA has a mandate of not spying on its citizens within the confines of the territory of United States. Yes CIA does collect economic and business intelligence utilizing various proven spying techniques. However, this information is used to inform, protect or support policies (policy makers) of the United States.

To keep in perspective, there are 16 known USA intelligence agencies outside of CIA like NSA which is the National Security Agency who can spy on citizens, i.e. wire taping their land lines or cell phone lines, or computer traffic. The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act - FISA of 1978 gave many intelligence agencies far reaching authority in efforts to combat acts deemed illegal or against "the homeland".  Under FISA intelligence agencies do not always require a court order to place someone under "electronic surveillance". All they need is probable cause or reasonable suspicion.

When the FISA act is deployed to place someone or companies under surveillance the stakes are high as failure or discovery of the operation may have international or national security implications. Surveillance on level is a very serious. The FISA act enormous power has been amplified post 911. Perhaps in future articles, I may expand on explaining FISA and the implications.

Given surveillance is very high stakes and one needs to be 100% sure surveillance is being used otherwise it could be potentially disastrous and lead to false accusations or damaged credibility at a minimum. Therefore, there is no place for errors or best guesses.

The first question which comes to mind would be why someone would want to put another under surveillance?

1.       National Security

2.       Law Enforcement Investigations

3.       Legal Investigation

4.       Large corporations or businesses seeking to gain competitive advantage over another

5.       Disgruntled spouses or friends who have hired a Private Detective or PI

Item 4 will serve as a primary reason for surveillance for the purposes of this article.

How do you protect yourself or your company against unscrupulous surveillance techniques?

1.       Determine exact reason for surveillance

2.       Determine who is doing the surveillance, i.e. referring only to items 4 above

3.       Utilize either human intelligence or counter surveillance gear to thwart the attack

There are situations whereby people might be inclined to use all manner of tactics ethical or unethical to survey a target. There are no hard and fast rules. What is important is protecting your rights and personal security or property.

What might a surveillance team use?

1.       Motion detection activated Surveillance Cameras

2.       Hidden Audio Devices

3.       Hidden Spy Cameras inside pens, clocks, calculators, etc.

4.       Vehicle or land surveillance

5.      Human intelligence when someone is actually monitoring the target in question

The key to good surveillance operation is based stealth and concealment of activities, so as not to allow target to become suspicious. There are times when surveillance operations are overt which in itself is a tactic used to install fear and panic.

As surveillance operations are initiated as a means to collect information on a target, a very effective counter surveillance technique would be to employ "disinformation".  Information is information. How information is used or how it is perceived is an entirely different story and can be manipulated.  One can have good intelligence - raw information. However, the information transmutes into poor intelligence based on misunderstanding, misrepresentations or biases. In other words, the key is to collect objective intelligence not based on opinions, but facts.  Surveillance is a method of obtaining information or intelligence and should be treated accordingly.

This is a hypothetic situation:  You're a businessman or businesswoman and one of your competitors is attempting or infringing on your intellectual rights or business property, i.e., products, information or other valuable assets.

One day while in a board meeting you notice an object which has been taped surreptitiously underneath the board room table. What is it?

1.       If you suspect it some form of audio transmitter, do not touch it

2.       Leave the room

3.       Instead of calling in the "sweeping team" to remove the device immediately  do not remove it

4.       Knowing the device is there can give you an edge and you can feed the audio device any information you so please.

Sometimes surveillance operations do not adhere to viewing intelligence collected objectively. Instead they let their biases or zeal to get the job done lead to erroneous conclusions, based on what they believed. This type knowledge can be used against a surveillance attempt.

There many techniques which can use as counter surveillance measures and may be discussed in future articles. The first objective is to factually and objectively determine one is in fact under surveillance. Once ascertained then and only then can appropriate counter surveillance actions be taken.

If one is under any type of proven surveillance the party surveying must have – what they have concluded – is a justifiable reason for deploying both money and manpower for the operation.

If truly under surveillance, know there are ways to counter efforts of surveillance tactics used against you in an attempt to attack your person or property. Keep in mind surveillance is a very high stakes operation which could have serious implications both for the one being surveyed and the surveyor.

If surveillance is being conducted by an agency, Private Detective or business competitor the situation does merit investigation and possible counter measures. Determine surveyor's objectives (outside of the obvious) and you have a better chance of protecting yourself. Like a good chess player try to think a few moves ahead of your opponent. Remember be objective and try not to let emotions cloud your judgment. Admittedly this advice is not easy to adhere especially if one is under duress.

Source by sfactor

Why Buy Property on Lake Placid, Texas?

If you are thinking to buy or sell property within the area of Lake Placid then perhaps spending a few minutes in reading the article below will be a worthwhile investment of your time.

Texas is considered to be the largest state in terms of area among the lower 48 and with a population of nearly 26.5 million residents, it is ranked second, behind California. With constant signs of population growth, many seemingly fruitful real estate opportunities have become available. According to the Texas quarterly housing report, there are clear indications of a booming market. That said if you are contemplating obtaining a real estate license then the state of Texas should be on that list, and fairly close to the top I might add. You can complete the course relatively quickly and take the exams online. It may only take you a month or so to acquire the license however once you have obtained your license you can hit the ground running in this hot market.

According to a recent study, the cities that have endured the highest growth rates include the Woodlands, Austin and San Marcos. And counties like Denton and Frisco have shown some of the more remarkable inclines in the entire state. Another area that appears to be flying under the radar is the city of New Braunfels and neighboring Lake Placid, which we will further have a look into in the following sections.

With flourishing and thriving neighborhoods across Texas, many folks have been looking at Lake Placid in terms of real estate investments and properties. It is a quintessential body of water for those individuals who love the great outdoors. With a variety of activities including camping, boating, fishing and swimming, Lake Placid can easily become a respectable candidate when it comes to real estate investing. The lake itself is based on the Guadalupe River, which is located a few miles from Lake McQueeney, which is another area experiencing steady growth rates. If you are a fan of activities such as boating then you can take advantage of the boat ramp, which is free for public access. Because this lake has attracted many individuals who love the outdoors, several homes and properties have been cropping up.

Most if not all the homes on Lake Placid consist of fascinating views of the lake. The construction of the homes ranges to some degree from contemporary to the more traditional. Several buyers who have recently purchased property in this region are even building their own custom made homes. The amenities are widespread and provide the maximum amount of comfort. The majority of the lake front homes contain private boat docks and secondary outlets for Jet Ski storage. Some of the lake homes even have upstairs patios, which offer some more breathtaking views of the lake and the surrounding area. These may run a bit higher as far as the cost is considered however with lush amenities and extravagant scenery and views, the property value can potentially soar. The current prices of real estate in Lake Placid are generally affordable yet with increasing demands this may not be the case down the line. To avoid making any regretful decisions later on, the time to invest in real estate property and homes on Lake Placid is now. If you plan to buy today it won't be very difficult for you to find a good deal on homes for sale in Lake McQueeney or Lake Placid areas.

If you are in the market for affordable and quality homes in a serene and peaceful environment then add Lake Placid to your list of prospective real estate ( opportunities. And with an ample amount of outdoor activities and breathtaking views of the lake, the decision should be a no brainer.

Source by Peter Fried

Going stateside this autumn/winter: Nottinghams S&P CASUALS

A Notts company continues to thrive within the global marketplace following their recent opening of their China office;  S&P Casuals Ltd have now opened their illustrious New York City office.

Their in-house brands Soulstar, Superfly, Advocate, Lads Rags, Advocate and Fly Guy are also soaring in high street recognition, which goes some way to prove their overall popularity and success.

As they continue to heighten their stature in the international fashion scene, this fashion design, import, export & distribution company, who began on a humble market stall in Doncaster, back in 1976, seemingly know no bounds and are relentlessly embracing the future!

Speaking on behalf of S&P Casuals Ltd, samples & showroom manager Ashley Severn said this…

"Since I've worked here, the company seems to have grown so quickly, it's somehow hard to imagine.  Just over the past 10 months, we've seen offices open in China and America and honestly, it's really exciting to wonder where we'll pop up next.  Anyone who visits our website ( will usually comment on just how fresh and relevant our in-house designs are, so it's no surprise that we expect to be well recieved in the US"

Preparing to launch their autumn/winter 2010 range, S&P are striving to self-improve once more, especially after the success of last seasons range which was received with such high acclaim, it gained them something of an infamous profile amidst their competitors.

So world, watch this space 'cause S&P Casuals are truly driven it seems!

Source by Ant Standring

Rookie Guide On How To Buy A Muscle Car: Determine Your Price Range And Payment Method

Now let's dig into determining what a reasonable price range would be for a particular car, and then go about deciding how to pay for it.

Price Range:
Determining the price range on a major purchase, whether it be a muscle car, a fighter jet, or a dishwasher generally comes down to evaluating your personal financial situation and determining what you can afford.  We'll assume that you already understand that and will stick to determining the price range that the make and model car you are looking at may fall in.

So just how do you really determine the price range for a classic muscle car?  Simple – you need to take a look at what the market thinks it's worth.  Just like real estate, muscle car values are determined by what the market thinks the cars are worth, not by calculating the sum cost of all of their parts.   The price that people are currently paying for muscle cars is key.  It's a subjective thing that relies on supply and demand.  Also, unlike 99% of modern cars, 1960's and '70's muscle cars are really not going down in value anymore.   Their value bottomed out long ago and has been on the rise ever since.  Over the past few years we've seen somewhat of a bubble in values, but they still remain quite high.

Now that we understand how value ranges are established for a make and model, it's clear to see why understanding how you will use your muscle car is critical when doing your car shopping (refer to our previous post for more details).  If you are planning to have a weekend funmobile, a mid-price range car is going to serve you quite well, and you may even be able to go cheaper.  If you're buying a car for an investment a mid-price range car is likely the LOWEST value of car you would go with.  Remember, the unique cars, the popular cars, and the all original cars are going to be at the high end of the price range for that particular make and model.

To see what the market thinks various make and model cars are worth based on their varying condition, simply visit Keith Martin's Collector Car Price Tracker.  It's the best resource on the web to get an idea of the trends in the industry based on SALE prices of cars, and you can look at values over the last several years on a model by model basis.  We offer a free one-month membership to Keith Martin's Collector Market simply by signing up for our newsletter.  Remember, HOW you plan to use the car is a must when looking at car values.  You may come to the conclusion after looking at the sale prices cars have gone for that you need to look at a different make/model, or change your plans in how you will use the car.

In addition to Keith Martin's Collector Car market, start taking notice of all the prices listed in the Classifieds section here at The MuscleCar Place and the other online places as well.  Most asking prices for cars are consistent with what the market will bring (give or take), so you should at least be able to develop a trend.

Payment Method:
Now that you have the make/model down, how you're going to use the car determined, and have a good idea of what the car will cost you to buy it's time to put your payment method together.  Do this BEFORE striking a deal for the car.  Being prepared with information in this step is key to making a purchase that is fair to both you and the car owner, so do your homework ahead of time.

Most dealers do offer financing of some type as a courtesy, but in all honestly the best payment method is the old fashioned one: cash.  Buying a car in cash will help you do a couple of things:

1) It will allow you to negotiate the best price possible
2) It will secure you from (potentially) being upside down in a loan – and remove other risk as well.

If you are buying a car for an investment, the car really can be considered part of your overall portfolio (just as real estate might be).  Never cash out a 401k early to buy a muscle car (or anything for that matter), but instead use cash available on hand or transfer it from other cash investments.  Remember, while muscle car values have been doing well in the past 10 years investment growth is not a guarantee.  Bill Paweski at Arizona Classics routinely recommends to his clients to be mindful of the market – and to be prepared to hang on to the car until the market is ready before even thinking about selling it (which is another good reason to purchase in cash)!

Doing your homework up-front will save you a lot of pain later on.  Now is not the time to shortcut the process.  The last thing you'd want to happen would be to end up hating the muscle car that you purchased, and if you follow the process laid out here that will not happen.  Go for it!

In our next and final post in this series we will discuss how to evaluate the car, set up insurance, and purchase!

Source by Robert Kibbe

Fishing Holidays in the UK – Cottages and Lodges

Most people, including myself, associate Hoseasons with Boating Holidays on places like the Norfolk Broads or on the River Thames,  which I should point out also make fantastic fishing holidays as well. I was pleasantly surprised to find they also have a large range of static holidays in the UK, Channel Islands and some in France. Hoseasons also have a selection of holiday parks on the website which are mainly Caravan types sites - which also have some interesting looking holidays with fishing thrown in.

Everyone's talking about the new light emitting Esca Lures.

Buy these exciting new Esca Lures online at -

You can search the Hoseasons website in several ways. Firstly you can do a quick search by country and region - England, Scotland, Wales, Channel Islands then by region North, South, East etc. Secondly you can search by types (Parks, Lodges, Cottages, Boats). Unfortunately you cannot search for holidays with fishing. To find the fishing facilities you need to go to the location and click on the Accommodation Info tab to see if fishing is an Accommodation Feature. To see all the sites that have fishing on-site click here. Some of the other locations claim to have fishing nearby, which in some cases is several miles away (which to me defeats the object of a relaxing fishing holiday). Some of the locations indicate fishing with a + sign, which evidently is an extra charge for fishing, which in most cases is no more than £5 per day.

One venue that caught my eye was Woodlakes in Stowbridge, Norfolk which hosts 4 wooden lodges for up to 6 people per lodge. It is situated on 66 acres of beautiful and peaceful countryside around 5 fishing lakes. One of the lakes is a 12 acre Championship lake, which I assume is for match fishing. The lakes are evidently stocked with Carp (up to 40lbs in weight), Roach, Tench, Bream, Rudd, Perch, Pike and Eels (the eels are probably not stocked, as they generally find there own way into lakes). The lodges are named: Cedar Lodge, Cedar Deluxe Lodge, Spruce Lodge and Willow Lodge. They all have TV, Kitchen, Fridge, Microwave, Bath/Shower, Bed Linen, Central Heating facilities.

What I like the look of is the lodges are very close to the lakes, so you can fish virtually from your lodge landing stage. The prices for the lodges range from £272 to £747 depending on the time of year and which lodge you require. As well as fishing Woodlakes is an excellent base for exploring the quaint market towns of King's Lynn, Downham Market, Swaffham and Wisbech. For those of you that like me, need to entertain the family then the famous golden beaches and harbours of the North Norfolk coast, a host of pretty villages, bird sanctuaries and nature reserves are also close at hand.

The Lodges and Cottages on the Hoseasons site also offer great 3 and 4 day deals. If you can go from Monday to Thursday for example you will find the prices reduced quite a bit. Also they do late deals, so if you can wait until the last minute you may get a bargain.

If you are looking for a coarse fishing holiday in the uk where you can go with friends or family and relax, fish and explore in wonderful surroundings, then take a look at the fishing lodges, fishing cottages, caravans and parks that hoseasons have to offer.

At the time of writing this I am in the process of booking a holiday in May at Cedar Lodge for a 4 night break which totals to about £270. I will let you know how I get on.

Summary of "Fishing Holidays in the UK - Cottages and Lodges"Fishing Boots - How To Choose The Perfect Boot

These boots were made for fishing!

Angling has come quite a way over the last decade or two. I remember when the only real choice for footwear when going fishing was a pair of Wellingtons, Doc's, or something ex military. Nowadays, you can't move for ankle boots, low boots, high boots, field boots, high boots, walled boots and even moon boots!

Lots to choose from then, but what points do you need to think about before making your purchase? The main point for consideration should be the type of angling you intend to be doing, and also a crucial factor, the length of your sessions, as this will dictate how long you'll have them on for at a time.

To start off with, let's take a look at what types of footwear are best suited to which types of angling. If you're a stalking, roving or mobile type of angler, you will be better off looking at some of the low cut boots for the majority of your fishing. These will be comfortable for long periods spent walking, and being more like a trainer in design will be much better suited to climbing trees and scrambling down riverbanks. Most low cut boots are waterproof and breathable, but if it's likely you are going to be coming into contact with the water on a regular basis, a slightly higher cut might be more suitable - especially if you won't be doing much climbing.

A good design to look at in such circumstances would be a field boot. A field boot offers a rubberised lower part of the boot, so it's totally waterproof and easy to clean, whilst the upper wall is made of fabric to ensure comfy walking. One thing to look out for, though, is whether the lining is fixed, i.e. stitched in and part of the boot, or removable in that it can be taken out of the boot altogether. Whilst those with a removable liner are great for session fishing, or as a winter boot to keep your feet nice and warm, they aren't too good for trying to walk long distances as the liners - which are often very thick - tend to move around within the boot itself.

An ankle, low, trail or high boot will usually have a fully stitched in liner, so they give you the best of both worlds, good comfort with good traction. It's probably the case that in time you'll get a few different types of footwear to suit the season. My preference for summer is usually a skate type trainer which is quite well protected but allows me to climb trees and stalk comfortably. In the winter I'll tend to be night fishing so will go with a pair of field type fishing boots with a removable liner. In the day, I'll wear them all the time but when in the sleeping bag at night, I'll whip them off and take out the liners. This way I can get them on is a second if the rods go.

For the angler who wants the benefit of comfort, needs to be able to walk good distances, and who will also come into contact with the water quite a bit, you then have the extreme type boot which rides quite a way up the shin. They will be much the same design as the low or ankle boot but, basically, allows you to go into much deeper water without getting your feet wet. Obviously, they are quite big and cumbersome and take quite a bit of lacing up, so they wouldn't be suited to night fishing, but would be ideal for the roving angler in the winter.

It's worth bearing in mind that most angling manufacturers who now offer boots are only taking their lead from the hiking and trail boot industry, and as such, in many cases, you can get just as much bang for your buck - if not more - by purchasing a good hiking or trekking boot from any number of long established brands who have been designing very similar boots for much longer!

Whilst comfort and warmth are usually the main factors people consider, for the session angler, ease of use has to come into it as well. If you're bivvied up on a session the boots are going to be on and off quite a bit, so in such circumstances you might wish to take a look at some of the moon boot styles, which offer good insulating comfort, but have no laces so are much easier to take on and off during the session and during the night.

As a final note, it's worth getting some decent socks at the same time. Good boots are nothing without a good pair of socks to go with them!

Adventurous Holiday Gift Ideas

Christmas time has come around again, which means another round of gift ideas for all of the important people in your life. If you've exhausted all of the traditional shirts, books, jewelry, and jumpers, try out some of these exciting alternatives. No one will expect these 'experience' gifts from you--they are the perfect surprise. No matter the person or people you need to buy for, the right experience is out there. Make a list of your recipients' interests and you'll be sure to hit on the ideal voucher for each.

Everyone's talking about the new light emitting Esca Lures.

Buy these exciting new Esca Lures online at -

- Hot air balloon ride

A hot air balloon ride is the perfect romantic gift for two. There is nothing more stunning than England from the air, any time of the year. There are many launch locations within easy reach of London. Champagne is a traditional part of ballooning, so for an excellent presentation of your gift buy some bubbly to give along with the voucher.

- Sailing and fishing charters

A chartered sailing or fishing trip to southern climates is the perfect winter escape for the sporting person on your list. Consider the islands off the coast of Africa, or perhaps the coast of South Australia, among other equally appealing options. This gift is sure to be a hit no matter the location chosen. For a fun presentation buy a pair of sunglasses to gift along with a description of their trip.

- Horse riding

There are many horse riding vacations of all sorts offered in the UK and in Europe. Horse riding is a relaxing and fun way to see the scenery in places such as the coast of Iceland, Spain's Andalusia, and Italy's Tuscany. Ride from vineyard to chateau in France's Loire Valley. In the UK the Scottish highlands provide treks among castles and ruins. The ideal location is available to fit the tastes of any equestrian or aspiring equestrian on your list. Try giving them a pair of riding gloves when you announce their gift and its locale.

- Hand gliding

For the truly daring and spontaneous person in your life, try gifting hang gliding lessons. There are many schools in the south of England especially, the perfect location for a chance to hang glide over the beautiful South Downs. South Wales is also a popular hang gliding destination. Give the gift of excitement and adrenaline combined with the tranquility of solo flight. A great way to present your gift could be a map of the UK with your chosen hang gliding school pinpointed.

Commonly Used Fishing Equipments

When you are starting out as a fisherman in the UK, it is best to start with the most simplistic form of fishing equipment. It really doesn't require a lot of fishing gear to go fishing. However, a rod or pole is indeed a necessary piece of equipment. The fishing pole is used to suspend the line from which hangs the bait for the fish. Bamboo, fiberglass and carbon fiber are all basic materials used to make the poles. The fishing rod is used for the same purpose but is somewhat more sophisticated. They have various lengths and also vary in action. The sizes are available from a 24-inch rod to 20 foot one. The casting is better with the longer rod.

There are many different types of fishing rods. A carbon fiber pole is a more technologically advanced pole, which is usually used for coarse fishing in Europe. Fly fishing rods are made to cast artificial flies. They are part of the fishing equipment used to catch salmon in the UK. Many fishermen in the UK use this salmon fishing equipment each year for a successful catch. Normally salmon is fished from the rivers in England, although it can be done well in the sea also. In addition to the right rod, you will need waders for the majority of UK Rivers in order to get to the best fishing places.

When you are searching for sea fishing equipment in the UK, try to find sea rods made to be used on the open sea. These rods will be built stronger and longer than the other kinds. For sharks and other huge game, specialty rods are designed. Be sure that the deep-sea fishing rod that you have selected can hold up to the pressure of the resistant larger fish when they are hooked. Also be certain that it is constructed from material such as fiberglass or graphite, which will resist corrosion from the salt air.

Every other part of your tackle has to be able to fit with your rod. This includes the lines, lures, reels and hooks. If you aren't sure about your choices, get advice from a more experienced fisherman. You need to bear in mind that no matter what kind of fish you are trying to catch in the UK, you have to have the right fishing equipment to be successful.

Seeking Fishing Equipment For Sale

In order to find the right fishing equipment for sale, whether you are a UK fisher or are fishing in another country's waters, it is essential to know what you need. Many hunting and fishing equipment shops worldwide are stocked with quality, brand name supplies. You can fish or you can be a fisherman. An amateur fisher can make a fishing pole, but he shouldn't necessarily expect fish successfully with it.

Most stores that sell fishing supplies have expensive and cheap products. You can purchase fishing supplies such as rods and reels from about seven to thirty five pounds. You need a rod and reel that enables you to catch different size fish. Sporting goods stores sell spin fishing equipment and fly fishing equipment. They sell rods, reels, wholesale fishing tackle, fishing knives and accessories like hooks, bobbers, sinkers, swivels and bait. A person would choose different fishing supplies for small lake and river fishing than for sea fishing. At these stores, you can get tools and supplies for every kind of fishing including ice fishing.

When you are looking for fishing equipment, also consider the boat you may be using and pay some attention to what you will be wearing. Is your trip going to be a long one lasting for days on end or a short simple same-day fishing trip? You need clothing for keeping you the warmest and the driest that you can be and you need the proper boat and boating supplies for the waters in which you plan to fish. You need to look at several different stores in order to be content with the products you purchase. Sometimes, you can find discounts on equipment for sale for freshwater and saltwater fishing, if you buy your fishing gear in bulk.

It would be smart to find a reputable store that has been in business for a while. You can get detailed facts from reviews and information online or you can visit a shop and see for yourself. Compare prices as well as product quality and always opt for a business that will stand behind their supplies. It also matters what kind of service you receive. How did the employees treat you? Were the items easily accessible? Was the store clean and orderly? It is true for UK fishing shoppers and those in other countries: you can find the right fishing equipment for sale if you know how to look for it.

Find the best and the cheapest fishing tackle here at

Source by Escalure Fishing Tackle


There are very few more frustrating occurrences in scuba diving as having to abort the dive due to lack of air, while everybody else is still having fun down there. Being able to save air as you dive is one of the most important steps to become a good diver. Here are some tips that can help us improve our diving skills

Proper Weighting

Carrying extra weight makes a huge difference on air consumption- you have to inflate your BCD more thus increase drag, and your body's lower part tends to sink down, while upper part rise up- which increases drag furthermoreSimple buoyancy check before diving with a new gear, at a new area, or after along time without diving should do the trick

Bad Bouyancy- Not Using Your BCD Can Couse a Lot of Damage to the Environment


Try to achieve and maintain neutral buoyancy as soon as you reach your desired depth. Simple trick is to try hover – breath normally, add minimal amount of air to the BCD, inhale fully to elevate yourself off the bottom and return to normal breathing

Move Slowly

There's hardly ever a need to dive fast- you use up energy and air a lot quicker, and probably scare marine creatures as you do so

Avoid Using Your Arms

Arm muscles are weaker than those in our legs, plus, arms and hands don’t propel us as much as our legs and fins do. Use your hands for signaling, snapping photos rather than swimming


Keep all hoses secured, arms tucked, and try to swim as horizontal as possible, thus minimize drag, keep yourself and the equipment off the bottom and avoid damaging the marine environment.


Don’t skip a breath. Breathe at the same tempo, long inhalations and exhalations

It's recommended to inhale and exhale as if whistling or sucking air. You can also pick a nice tune to help you breath at the same rhythm

Use Familiar Equipment

To be more relaxed and feel in control, buy your own equipment. You'll also need to make very few changes on estimating weights as mentioned in paragraph 1


Easy to say, but some newbie diver have a natural fear when diving. The more you dive the more confidence you gain, and the more you realize there's nothing to it


It all comes down to it. The more you dive the better you get. Consider participating in a Pick Performance Buoyancy Course that fine tunes you buoyancy skills

Improve your buoyancy skills - PPB course

Dive Shallow

If you still use up air a lot quicker than your buddies, dive slightly shallower, where the air you breathe is less dense and allows you to dive longer

Source by tobi1kanoby


Crude oil is becoming hard to find and getting a genuine supplier is even much more harder. With the crude oil business being one of the world's largest and easily one of the most profitable, there are a whole host of companies and agents in the fray posing as sellers of this black substance. That said, there are various other factors at play, which determine the extent to which companies or agents can go to be in the supply business.

Firstly, there are several kinds of crude oil ranging from: Brent crude, Bonny Light, Forcados Crude, Saudi Light Crude, etc. The specification of these products are relatively different and their demand and prices also varies. Amongst these crude oil, the one in higher demand is the bonny light crude oil which is said to have a higher API gravity (low specific gravity) and it is mostly produced in the Niger Delta basin of Nigeria. The very low sulfur content of Bonny Light crude makes it a highly desired grade for its low corrosiveness to refinery infrastructure and the lower environmental impact of its byproducts in refinery effluent. However, a few countries have been said to have this crude oil in abundance, these countries are Nigeria, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, USA, etc. Some of these countries have a very large demand in their own country so buying from them might pose some difficulty. Nigeria is still known to be the most flexible country with regards to buying crude oil if you are fortunate to find into genuine sellers.

Finding a verifiable seller in the Nigerian market is very simple if you follow the steps. Firstly, you must decide on whom to buy from since there are several sellers in the Nigerian market. If you choose to buy from the government that means you'll be dealing with the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC). Buying from this corporation is safe but you'll be faced with a whole lot of challenges like meeting up with their policies which are extremely strict. You could also choose to buy from private sellers like Shell, AP and Chevron, but buying from independent sellers that already have bulk allocation from the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation is usually the best.

Having said, the big question now is how to get this verifiable sellers?. Although, in the parallel market of Oil industry it is the buyer who always should come clean first and disclose its profile, want and ability and should also be willing to provide documents and most importantly exercise cautious. There is a lot of fake sellers out there, and quite simply - the watchword is due-diligence. Without wishing to appear disaparaging, anyone who enters such markets without an in-depth knowledge of the dynamics and mechanics of the market itself, with no experience, is asking for trouble. Due diligence is the only sure way of making sure - how well do you really know this counterparty? In a Due Diligence you need to know if the "seller" is a duly registered company expecially in some countries but dealing locally, or having someone to correspond with the sellers in the country you are buying the product from is very important.

Furthermore, you should be careful about sellers claiming they are able to supply extremely large quantity of crude oil as most of the independent oil sellers have a limited amount they can supply per month. Another note is that there is no fix pricing of crude oil, I have seen many so called sellers advertising selling crude oil at fix pricing or claiming they can supply at a certain too-good-to be true prices. You should be wary of such people and no genuine seller requires you to commit any amount of money prior to completion of the deal or will require you to pay any upfront whatsoever!

Source by Sol Ajaezi

China Furniture Industry

Foshan is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, People's Republic of China. The city has jurisdiction over an area of about 3,840 km² and a population of 5.4 million of which 1.1 million reside in the city proper (year 2000 figures).

Following Shenzhen and Guangzhou, Foshan is the third largest manufacturing base in the Pearl River Delta. Once home to a strong State-Owned Enterprises sector, its current economic strength lies in privates firms and Township and Village Enterprises in Shunde and Nanhai. In 2002, private firms contributed 56.12% of the industrial output and firms from Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan contributed 63.44% in exports.

Foshan is China's largest furniture manufacturer Center. there are about 2,800 manufacturers there, producing all kinds of furniture for indoor, outdoor and office use. This does not include the hardware and component suppliers.

Shunde and Nanhai are the two main districts in Foshan that house these seemingly endless stretch of Furniture suppliers..

Shunde, China Furniture Wholesale Market is located at Shunde district which links Lecong town and Longjiang town along the 10 km highway, Foshan City, Guangdong Province, China. Shunde has become the largest furniture wholesale market and distribution center in China and the world. It claims to be the The World Largest Furniture Wholesale Market. It was named as the China Furniture Business and Trading Capital by the China National Light Industry Council and China National Furniture Association. It covers a total area of approximately 32.3 million square feet (3 million square meter) and it includes more than 200 modern furniture sales buildings, such as Sunlink Group, Lecong International Furniture Exhibition Center, Shunde Empire Group, Tuanyi International Furniture City, and others.

The furniture wholesale market extends more than 5 km and is arranged by 12 rows and 20 streets. There are over 3,300 domestic and foreign furniture dealers and more than 1,500 furniture manufacturers. Jointly they display over 20,000 types of furniture and products ranging from living room furniture, dining room furniture, bedroom furniture, kitchen furniture, hotel furniture, hotel mattress, contract furniture, restaurant furniture, cafe chairs, bar stools, bathroom furniture, sanitary ware, furniture accessories, material & hardware. The market is open year round with furniture trading more than USD1 billion  sales volume each year.

Whereas Longjiang is about 5 km from Lecong, a well-known furniture manufacturing base and transaction center of furniture material. It was awarded by China Light Industry Association and China Furniture Association as Important Town Of China Furniture Manufacture and Capital Of China Furniture Material. It is also known as "the first furniture town in China" and there are more than 1,200 factories in it, measuring more than 10,760,000 square feet (1,000,000 m2) of furniture marketplace and 3,200,000 square feet (297,000 m2) of furniture material marketplace. There are two major furniture exhibitions held in March and August each year at Longjiang town of Shunde district. The Dragon Furniture Fair has a famous reputation of professional fair at home and abroad.Being located at Guangdong Province, close to Hong Kong and Macau, the market offers convenient transportation and well developed infrastructure. Shunde District has become the most important and the best international home furnishing center and international trading platform for international sellers/buyers in China.

Tommy China Business Consulting is a professional furniture sourcing agent With headquarters in Shenzhen. Having Built up good relationship with suppliers in office furniture, living room furniture, dining room furniture, bedroom furniture, kitchen furniture, hotel furniture, hotel mattress, contract furniture, restaurant furniture, cafe chairs, bar stools, bathroom furniture, sanitary ware, furniture accessories, material & hardware

We can serve as your Furniture China Sourcing Agent, Furniture China buying agent, Furniture China Purchasing Agent ,providing comprehensive sourcing services to clients of all size interested in Furniture sourcing, Furniture Purchasing in China

Source by Tom Lee

Heavy Mineral Mining can boost the economy of India – VV Mineral Mining

Established in 1989, and certified with ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and ISO 18001 by TUV, they steadfastly created a hold in Middle East, Europe, Australia, East Asia and USA markets The Chairman of VV Minerals, V Subramaniam who is the successor of Vaikundarajan says India has a lot to benefit from the heavy mineral mining industry.

The one name that comes to mind when talking about Garnet and Ilmenite exports from India is – VV Mineral. VVM is the forerunner in Ilmenite exports from India and has continued to progressively fan out its practice.

V Subramaniam says, "India's coastline of 7,500 kilometres is grossly underutilised from the perspective of heavy mineral mining since only 50 kilometres is allotted for beach mineral mining. Of the 460 million tonnes of the world's known resources, India possesses 278 million tonnes and these deposits contain approximately 25-30 percent heavy minerals."

For the processing of heavy minerals during mining, a range of labour power to cutting edge machinery is utilised. It is also necessary that these processes are eco-friendly and thus an autonomous quality control department implements rigorous quality control checks in order to maintain a zero rejection track record.

To support their supply demands VVM has control of a 40 km beach area with continuous placer mineral deposits in addition to 7000 acres of heavy mineral mining - rich land. In their line of business, Garnet Abrasive is primarily employed in Water Filtration, Water Jet Cutting, Surface Preparation, Sand Blasting and such similar applications.  

Ilmenite on the other hand is used in manufacturing Titanium slag, Titanium dioxide pigment and other products; Rutile for Titanium metal and pigment industries as well as Welding Electrode. Zircon is required in the production of glazes, opacifiers, frits, floor and decorative tiles, glass and steel refractory, sanitary ware, metal castings and specialised glass.

The heavy mineral mining industry has reserves many possibilities and could yield nearly Rs 30,000 crore in annual turnovers. We are not utilising this wealth which we have been endowed with. We are sitting cold on an enormous growth probability. If only, the new policy framework is enforced and sustainability is linked to the economic growth of our nation, could we hope to see better times for the heave mineral mining industry?

VV Mineral India is a wholly-owned and self-contained private company, with constructive equipments moving raw materials and finished products on time. We have our own container loading and handling equipments which include container loaders, trailers and Reach Stacker. Different types of vehicles are deployed for different transportation needs.

They have received recognition for their work in the form of numerous awards and recognitions from various governmental and non-governmental agencies. VV Minerals have been one of the successful mining companies to achieve their goals. Because of VV Mineral Mining unemployment, economic boost and various developments had increased in Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu.

Source by Shivarajan

Temptation to invest in small companies and business in UK

Being the Homeland of about 4.8 million private sectors enterprises and businesses, the United Kingdom is one of the excellent places to do business in the world with 4.8 million private sector enterprises. As United Kingdom is the most popular location for foreign direct investment in Europe.

UK government provides great opportunities to small and midsize investors to grow in UK.

Temptation to invest in small companies and business in UK

Three different tax Temptation plans are available to encourage equity investment in small higher-risk trading companies, it encourage starting a business in UK.

Temptation Plans

  1. Enterprise investment scheme
  2. Venture capital trusts
  3. Corporate venturing scheme


The ENTERPRISE INVESTMENT SCHEME is available to individuals subject to United Kingdom income tax making direct equity investments into unquoted trading companies.  The support available contain relief from income tax equal to 20% of the investment in shares acquired on issue by a qualifying company, relief from capital gains tax on a disposal of shares which qualify for income tax relief, and deferral of a accuse to capital gains tax on the discarding of assets where the proceeds are re-invested in shares in a qualifying company.

VENTURE CAPITAL TRUSTS to start business in UK

A VENTURE CAPITAL TRUSTS is a special type of quoted investment vehicle which invests in a variety of non estimated companies with same qualifying criteria to those of an ENTERPRISE INVESTMENT SCHEME company.  Individuals subject to United Kingdom income tax investing in a VENTURE CAPITAL TRUSTS are entitled to income tax relief (at a rate of 30%) on amounts subscribed for new shares in the VENTURE CAPITAL TRUSTS, an exemption from income tax on dividends on that shares, & an exception from capital gains tax on the disposal of ordinary shares in the VENTURE CAPITAL TRUSTS.


VENTURE CAPITAL TRUSTS relief has an upper threshold of £200,000 per individual per annum whereas the threshold for ENTERPRISE INVESTMENT SCHEME relief is £500,000 per individual per annum.  The reliefs are lost or clawed back if the shares are disposed of within three years of acquisition in the case of the ENTERPRISE INVESTMENT SCHEME and within five years in the case of Venture capital trusts.

CORPORATE VENTURING SCHEME to business in London or UK wide

The CORPORATE VENTURING SCHEME is similar to ENTERPRISE INVESTMENT SCHEME save that it is directed at encouraging trading companies subject to United Kingdom corporation tax to invest in small, higher-risk trading companies.  The reliefs include relief against corporation tax for qualifying subscriptions equal to 20% of the amount subscribed (provided the shares are held for at least three years), relief (against income or gains) for losses incurred on the disposal of qualifying shares and a relief that postpones chargeable gains on qualifying shares on their re-investment into other qualifying shares.

Source by Muhammad Umair Khan